Tim Winter, Jiat-Hwee Chang, Donald McNeill, Trinidad Rico, Russell Hitchings, Joahannes Widodo, Toya Horman
This paper develops the concept of thermal modernity in order to offer a more detailed understanding of air conditioning and the historical role it has played in transforming urban and built space. An analysis oriented by the insights of Science and Technology Studies stresses how the international ascendancy of air conditioning has been contingent upon certain socio-political forces and cultural changes that occur at the local level. The productive example of Singapore — often referred to as the ‘air-conditioned’ nation—is given to reveal the entanglements between indoor comfort provision, economic development and post-colonial nation-building. At a broader level, the paper points towards the importance of understanding air conditioning’s impact on the spread of international modernism in analytically expansive ways, such that we can more fully appreciate how it has acted to remodel the built environment at different scales and reconfigure indoor and outdoor relationships.
Cool Living Heritage in Southeast Asia: Sustainable Alternatives to Air-conditioned Cities
Professor Donald McNeill, Dr Tim Winter, Associate Professor Johannes Widodo, Dr Jiat-Hwee Chang
Australian Research Council , Discovery Project
This project focuses on alternatives to electronic air-conditioning to encourage more sustainable urban lifestyles in Southeast Asia. It traces the historical emergence of climate-controlled interiors as spaces through which visions and expectations about national standards of living, comfort, productivity and leisure have coalesced.